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Periodontal / Gum Disease Treatment

Periodontal / Gum Disease Treatment

The leading cause of tooth loss in adults is gum disease (periodontal disease). Maintaining good oral hygiene is a key to healthy gum tissue. Professional dental care and early intervention can prevent the progression of gum disease which leads to tooth loss.

Periodontal / Gum Disease

What is Periodontal Disease?

Gum disease, clinically known as periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection affecting the gum tissue and bone which supports the roots of your teeth. A destructive condition, periodontal disease causes bleeding gums, gum recession, loose teeth and eventually tooth loss. Patients who have been diagnosed with periodontal disease must be careful to maintain their gum health with good personal oral hygiene and regular dental visits. With proper care and treatment, periodontal disease can be managed and often reversed.

Gingivitis

One of the first physical symptoms of early gum disease is reddened, sensitive and swollen gum tissue which bleeds easily with brushing or flossing. Gingivitis is caused when plaque deposits on teeth are not properly removed. The bacteria in plaque produce toxins which are destructive to gum tissue. For patients experiencing these symptoms of early gum disease, it is important to talk with Dr. Cannon about special hygiene instructions and recommended treatment. Reversal of gingivitis can help prevent the progression of gum disease.

Periodontitis

As gingivitis goes untreated, it progresses to periodontitis. At this stage, the toxin producing bacteria affecting the gumline begins to invade further. It causes the gum tissue to recede away from the tooth and form pockets, making it easier for plaque and bacteria to adhere to the tooth root. Bone tissue begins to recede around the tooth roots and teeth may appear longer due to the loss of gum tissue around them. It is important to follow the instructions provided by Dr. Cannon and your dental hygienist to help prevent the progression of periodontitis. A special dental cleaning and scaling (removal of plaque which has hardened into tartar) may be recommended to help stop the progression of the disease.

Advanced Periodontitis

As periodontal disease becomes advanced, the teeth become loose and mobile. Changes in your bite, the way your teeth fit together, may be noticed. At this stage of gum disease, the supporting bone has receded away from the teeth severely, and the gum tissue is often swollen and infected. Patients with advanced periodontal disease may notice constant bad breath and pus draining from about the gum tissue. When periodontal disease has become very advanced, removal of the teeth may be required.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

  • Reddened, swollen gums which bleed easily
  • Tenderness of gum tissue
  • Gum recession
  • "Pocketing" of gum tissue where it has pulled away from the teeth
  • Changes in your bite
  • Chronic bad breath (halitosis)
  • Draining pus around teeth and gums

If you are experiencing the symptoms of gum disease, contact the Fort Worth dental practice of Dr. M V Cannon for help.